History of Table TennisThe exact origin of ping pong is unknown. It began sometime in the 1890's as a parlor game and swept the country as a craze which soon died down.
It became popular again in the 1920's, and ping pong clubs were formed all over the world. The original name, Ping Pong, was a copyrighted trademark of Parker Brothers. Therefore, the name was changed to table tennis. The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) was formed in 1926.
As a parlor game, the sport was often used cork balls and vellum racquets. (A vellum racquet had been type of rubber stretched on a twisted stick.) On the inside 1920's, wooden racquets covered with rubber pips were first used. These were the first hard rubber racquets, which were the hippest type of racquet used until the 1950's.
During that time span, two playing styles dominated - hitters and helicopters. Hitters basically hit everything, while choppers would back up ten or even twenty feet, returning everything with backspin. A player's attack with hard rubber was severely limited and because of this more and more choppers dominated. This became a problem whenever two types met since both would often just push the ball back and forth for hours, in store for the other to attack and make a mistake. One match in the World Championships lasted over 12 lengthy time. This was stopped from your advent of the expedite rule. See Table Tennis Rules - enclosed Laws of Table Tennis for additional regarding expedite.
In 1952, a comparatively unknown Japanese player showed up at the World Championships with a strange new form of racquet. It the wooden blade included in a thick sheet of sponge. By using racquet, he easily won the tournament, and table tennis has never been the same considering the fact that.
Over the next ten years, almost all top players switched to sponge styles. Two types were developed, inverted and pips out. The inverted type enabled players to put lots more spin on the ball. Both types made attacking and counter-attacking easier. The U. S., had been a table tennis power up until that time, was slow to have the change.
In the early 1960's, players started to perfect sponge play. First they developed the loop shot and very quickly looping became essentially the most popular style. Spin serves were developed, as was the lob. Today, players from Sweden, France, China, and Korea dominate international competitor.
In the development of Table Tennis the subsequent are significant milestones:
1880s Adaptation of lawn tennis to the dining table with improvised equipment.
1890s Several patents registered in England, for example, Ping Pong and Whiff-Waff were sold with simple rules.
1900 Increase in celluloid balls to replace rubber and cork the kind.
1901 Table tennis Association and rival Ping-Pong Associations formed in England, and your initial books for your game were published.
1926 International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) initiated in Berlin. First World Championships held greater london. The Constitution and Laws of the sport adopted in the First ITTF Congress, also held london, uk. The English Table Tennis Association inaugurated and constituted.
1929 Fred Perry (England) became World Champion.
1935 The 9th Congress agreed to delete coming from an ITTF Constitution all references to the words amateur and professional or to substitute performer.
1937 To encourage attacking play:
the net was lowered from 4.75in to 6in (17.2cm to 30.24cm)
a cut-off date of 20 minutes for each game was imposed
finger spin was prohibited
1949/51 Johnny Leach (England) became World Champion and was later awarded an MBE.
1950s The emergence of sponge sandwich bats.
1953 England won the Swaythling Cup (World Men's Team Championship).
1957 European Table Tennis Union inaugurated in Stockholm, Sweden.
1958 The 1st European Championships held in Budapest, Hungary.
1961 Expedite system adopted by ITTF.
1967 The european League competition inaugurated.
1970s The emergence of the combination bat, i.e. anti-loop, and long pimples.
1971 Western teams invited to tour China for the first time, and factors of Table tennis diplomacy arrived to being.
1972 Associated with time experimentation with yellow balls.
1976 Permanent secretariat belonging to the International Table tennis Federation (ITTF) set up in St Leonards-on-Sea, United kingdom.
1977 The 34th World Championships locked in Birmingham. The ITTF received formal promise of its recognition by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
1978 Jill Hammersley awarded an MBE.
1979 First European Championships for paraplegics (wheelchair players) held in Stoke Mandeville, England.
1980 John Hilton (England) became European Champion.
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