GROW-OUT (TABLE SIZE) FISH PRODUCTION
This is the rearing of fingerling/juvenile fish to Table size usually weighing 700gm - 1kg on the average, 1.5kg and right above. This is highly capital intensive ventures as it takes at least the next.
1.Production tank (concrete, earthen, plastic, wooden)
2.Feed for feeding the fish to table size
3.Enough or adequate water availability
5.Good quality fingerlings/juvenile
Production tank: This wherever the fish shall be culture to maturity, notepads be made with concrete tank, plastic tank, wooden tank, fiber tank, earthen puddle.
A concrete tank for instance is employing vibrated block 6' X 6' X 18' is 9' X 9' X 18', this the holes are field with pure concrete to fortifying doing it.
A 6ft X 15ft X 4ft concrete tank can successfully raise one thousand fish to maturity. A link of 6 to 12 tanks of he same dimension, connected through someone outlets, water are channel to the concrete tank through pressure pipe from overhead waters tank or directly off a well, borehole etc. However 4-inches pipe are used for outlet functions.
Feed constitutes 70% of total production cost. The feed element catfish are protein, carbohydrate, vitamin, mineral, fat premix etc.
Feed ingredient used mainly for catfish feeding includes soya bean meat, groundnut, cake, fishmeal, palm kernel cake, indomie noodle vitamin premixes, maize, wheat, rice offal, calcium, bone meat etc.
These ingredients are mixed with a particular formation of high protein content with 35-45% crude protein content.
Local feeding milling factory have feed materials in storage to meet the requirement of most farmers wish.
Water is the house and the habitation within the fish.
Inside that they derive all their respiratory requirement and survival. The fish uneaten foods, food, faeces material, are normally inside normal water body. It is important that the fish are kept great quality water environment, which support optimum growth performance of the fish.
Water in adequate quantity is a novel most important factors must be provided, becoming dizzy . continuously I mean continuous inlet and outlets system, where water fades and water comes in the pond. This help to extremely lessen organic regarding the fish pond.
Alternatively, the tank could be drained every day, double weekly, weekly as situation indicate, plus the associated with water.
However, before any catfish farming operation, good quality water in adequate quantity is must pre-requisite.
Water parameter should be monitor for maximum performance.
Power supply to the farm must be adequate, that allows the supply of water from borehole, well or any water reservoir or resources.
Electricity could be obtained by way of the public supply of electricity; mostly generator of over 7.5KVA on standby end up being available on the farm. Therefore provision should be part of farm budget and record keeping.
GOOD QUALITY FINGERLING/JUVENILE
This is the core within the entire venture; good quality fingerlings stock is security for an effective outcome.
Good quality fish should be obtained from reputable plants.
You can produce the fish away from your own farm to be sure of the actual of food.
After is made from of your production tank, associated with limestone effect, fertilization, then re-washing within the fish septic tank.
Then the fish tank can be stock with fish preferably juvenile.
Every 4 hours or 3 times daily feed the fish with imported feed for month then start feeding locally palletized diet programs.
WATER:Change water at interval of 2 weeks, more depending in the extent of the organic loads.
Sort of least 2 weekly separate to quick growing over the smaller fishes. Water parameter monitoring is important but make it through be done easily, usually an experienced farm worker should know when to discharge water (drain out water) add raw water to pond. Farm records are generally important on this website.